Back in 1994 I was just a few years out of college, where I was often pushing people to use the new-fangled RCS system. On my first day at my new job I was handed a stack of ClearCase manuals and told help get it deployed. I was amazed. While the system was difficult to configure, it presented some amazing features, a few of which have yet to be equaled.
The Multi-Version File System was amazing. I could create a workspace in constant time. There is no system before or since (that I know of) which can claim this. The ability to change a date in a config spec and be instantly transported to what the code looked like at that time was fantastic. Being able to do a cd command (e.g. “cd foo.c@@”) and be transported into the version tree of that file seemed utterly magical all those years ago. The unequaled branching and merging abilities permitted heavily parallel development. A am still in awe of these things.
Here I am 18 years later looking at an email from IBM Tech Support where I am told that I “might be able to get this recognized as a defect” (emphasis mine). The problem was that I installed ClearCase and got no errors, but found that the installation was broken and unusable. A key component, indeed the central component, MVFS, did not get installed. In what universe is that not a defect?
But then I realized that this unfortunate tech support engineer and myself were arguing over a corpse. This product is dead, Jim. We’re like the two guys in Weekend at Bernie’s, propping up a corpse in an attempt to convince everyone he’s still alive.
ClearCase, from day one, was hobbled by several unfortunate architectural mistakes: a chatty protocol and a deep dependence on network filesystems and the attendant maze of authentication systems. Some people have said that the lack of database scalability was the key issue, but I think that actually could have been fixed. Even if it was, it wouldn’t change the fact that any amount of network latency would make ClearCase’s performance exponentially worse.
There are a variety of ways these fundamental problems could have been addressed given continuous development effort. But, I would argue that the core of ClearCase has remained unchanged for almost 15 years. The only changes made since then have been cosmetic changes, additional bolted-on bits (UCM) or replacing functional components with broken ones (like the new installer). This product has died of neglect.
In the last 5 years I have only brought one new team into ClearCase. Everyone else I’ve been steering to Subversion. For most teams that is all they need.